Indian rugs are different than any other rug manufactory practices as they are woven exclusively for internal consumption only. Indian modern rugs has been in markets since long as they have a very long history of exporting their traditional goods to international markets but however rugs were not exported until the first half of 19th century. After 19th century the picture totally changed and after that the modern rugs were exported in huge number. Because of the influence of the western market the production techniques were changed as well and they started manufacturing them in a more art-deco designs with very prominent commercial looks along with efficient price point.
Indian textile industry has a very rich history of its own and most of the Oriental rugs found from that area are classified to a specific region. Scholars attribute the age of the antique rugs to the time of the ruling emperor when the rug was made.
The history on Indian rug weaving isn’t very old; it might have started with the coming of the Muslim Emperors from the west, the Ghaznavids and the Ghauris during the eleventh century.
Rug weaving was introduced in the market back then but more prominent and traceable evidence were found during the 16th century with the beginning of the Mughal dynasty in India. Back then Emperor Babar, the last successor of Timur extended his dynasty from Kabul to India there were exchange of skills and trades among the people and the rug industry took a more distinguished face. Under the Mughals patronage the Indian craftsmen started adopting Persian techniques and styles of rug making. There are antique rugs which were made in Punjab that has designs of motifs and decorative styles which are usually found in the Mughal architecture.
The history books mentions that Akbar, a Mughal emperor is the one who is to be accredited for introducing the art of rug weaving among the Indian craftsmen. It is so that every Mughal emperor patronize the Persian rugs to be used in their royal courts and palaces so during the reign of Akbar, he brough along with him Persian Craftsmen and established their commercial space in India.
The very first of the antique rugs has fine evidence of classic knotting like that of Persian style but with time the style changed and there were flickers of Indian art blended into it. So gradually the rugs changed their look to a typical Indian art-work and slowly it became a much sought after product among all the sub-continent which gave rise to the industry and diversify it.